butterfly bush scientific name

Location: Full sun Bloom: June to September, lavender-pink flower Hardiness zone 5–9 Peacock is a newer Proven Winners variety of butterfly bush known to flower more abundantly and not spread as aggressively as other varieties. There are approximately 180 davidii cultivars, as well as numerous hybrids, with B. globosa and B. fallowiana grown in gardens. Buddleja alata Rehder & E.H.Wilson. Preferred Scientific Name. Buddleja davidii Franchet, 1887; Preferred Common Name. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henryabout 18… Its flowers come in many colors, though butterflies seem to prefer the lavender-pink (mauve) of the species to … The foliage is deciduous and fairly ordinary looking, but when in bloom the flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Fountain butterfly bush r elated species: The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is better known and more highly scented than the fountain butterfly bush. Buddleja alternifolia Maxim. Buddleja davidii, commonly called butterfly bush, is a deciduous shrub that is native to thickets on mountain slopes, limestone outcrops, forest clearings and rocky stream banks in China. Buddleja agathosma Diels. Escaped, invasive populations of butterfly bush are pervasive in western Washington, including Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, King, Lewis, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston, and Whatcom counties. Bright yellow flowers appear at a time of year when little else is in bloom. Butterfly bush (Buddleja/Buddleia) is a genus of hardy flowering plants that produce appealing fragrant flower heads known for attracting butterflies and other insects.Despite being considered invasive by many ecologists, their striking appearance has helped them maintain their popularity in ornamental gardening. While other trees are preparing for winter, butterfly bush is just waking up. The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a beautiful, fast-growing, deciduous shrub with masses of blossoms—long, spiked trusses—that bloom from summer to autumn. To care for your butterfly bush, planting in full sun is necessary with a minimum of 6 hours of sun per day. Incredible … It's easy to grow and produces striking flower spikes. Blooms are usually purple, rose, magenta, or white. Within the United States, it is widely established as an escape from cultivation, and classified as a noxious weed by the states of Oregon and Washington. The large fritillaries, or silverspots, belong to the genus Speyeria and usually have silver markings on the undersides of the wings. [4] Flowers are perfect (having both male and female parts), hence are hermaphrodite rather than monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) as is often incorrectly stated. Growers mostly in Britain selected plants that we today would call traditional varieties. The pale brown bark becomes deeply fissured with age. & Raven, P. (eds), This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:35. Together the branches form a rounded bush 2 to 6 feet high. Leaf stalks are short and hairy, although the leaves sometimes are attached directly to the stem. The MonarchWatch recommended nectar planting list is kind of a sad and useless joke with no scientific names, no disclaimers about Butterfly Bush, and no specifics about regional differences. Throughout the country, the general requirements for butterfly gardening are the same: full sun, nectar source plants, larval host plants, a pesticide-free environment and knowledge of the local butterfly fauna. Younger wood is more floriferous, so even if frosts do not kill the previous year's growth, the shrub is usually hard-pruned in spring once frosts have finished, to encourage new growth. It’s not really helpful at all because the best nectar plants for butterflies will depend completely on where you live. List of Buddleja species and naturally occurring hybrids. The specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the cloudless sulphur's larval host plants belong. Blue Knight is a Walter's Gardens introduction and is part of the Monarch® Butterfly Bush series. The branches are quadrangular in section, the younger shoots covered in a dense indumentum. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. The thistle butterfly (Vanessa) is named for its principal larval host plant.Some species, such as the painted lady (V. cardui), migrate during adulthood, traveling in large groups.. An award winning Butterfly Bush, Flutterby Petite® Tutti Frutti produces wave after wave of fragrant fuchsia colored flowers with a contrasting orange eye in dense spikes from spring to fall. If you are planning to have Butterfly Bush in your garden, we provide you with all Butterfly Bush uses and Butterfly Bush Facts.If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Best Soil: Adapts to many soil types, but prefers well-drained loam ; Light: Full Sun ; Growth Rate: Fast ; Foilage: Gray green pointed leaves up to 10 inches long ; Bloom: Almost black purplish blossoms on lilac-like spikes up … You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! & Raven, P. (eds), "Ploidy variation in Buddleja L. (Buddlejaceae) in the Sino - Himalayan region and its biogeographical implications", "Why You Should Never Plant a Butterfly Bush Again", "Buddleia: The plant that dominates Britain's railways", "Typification of ornamental plants: Buddleja davidii (Scrophulariaceae)". Replace a butterfly bush growing in a garden with native plants, or at the least, deadhead it to prevent seeds from spreading. Hardiness Zone: 5a - 10b. Miss Molly Butterfly Bush Care. Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac. [6] It was Leeuwenberg's taxonomy which was adopted in the Flora of China[7] published in 1996. Many cultivars are of a dwarf habit, growing to no more than 1.5 m (5 feet). Ploidy 2n = 76 (tetraploid).[5]. butterfly bush; Other Scientific Names. It was introduced into America shortly after that time. This species originally from Asia readily takes over space where native North American plants would normally thrive. Buddleja araucana Phil. name search type enter a search name State Search ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. It is smaller with a less attractive habit and is best pruned to the ground each spring. Pugster Periwinkle Butterfly Bush. The name fritillary is applied to several nymphalid genera. The Lepidoptera group accounts for an estimated 7 percent of the planet's living creatures and includes over 100,000 different species. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies.Incredible flower coverage on its dense clump of leaves. Thanks to the magic of cultivar developers, the flowers now come in a number of … Problem is that these plants can get to be pretty huge. Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a deciduous shrub with an arching habit and impressive flowers, but it has a mixed reputation. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Buddleja . Its genus name is derived from Phoebe the sister of Apollo, a god of Greek and Roman mythology (Opler and Krizek 1984). They have small, fragrant flowers that are white to deep purple, with an orange-yellow inside. The cluster flowers come in a wide variety of colors. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Six feet tall and just as wide is pretty common. The removal of spent flower panicles may be undertaken to reduce the nuisance of self-seeding and encourage further flower production; this extends the flowering season which is otherwise limited to about six weeks, although the flowers of the second and third flushes are invariably smaller. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. These include native capers and warrior bushes. Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. The flower heads are of 6-8″ with beautiful fragrance, these bushes attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other beneficial insects. Butterfly bush Scientific name: Buddleia lindleyana Family:Loganiaceae Plant parts used Leaves (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. 109-110) Mode of action Insecticidal (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. … Butterfly bush, (genus Buddleja), any of more than 100 species of plants constituting the genus Buddleja (family Scrophulariaceae), native to tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Subordinate Taxa. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henry about 1887 and sent to St Petersburg. Ranging in size from a few containers placed in a sunny spot to several acres, butterfly gardens can be grown throughout the United States. It’s unanimous among butterfly gardening authors, Midwestern gardeners, and the butterflies who vote with their tongues: Orange Eye Butterflybush (Buddleja davidii), also commonly known simply as butterfly bush, is the preferred late summer nectar source, a perfectly named butterfly magnet. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. Buddleja alternifolia. Primarily trees or shrubs, most species of Buddleja have hairy leaves and clusters of purple, pink, white, It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. It has average water needs and requires good drainage as its roots are sensitive to rot. A blooming, green garden in a veranda is not only refreshing, but gives a pleasant look to your house. The following davidii cultivars held the RHS Award of Garden Merit in 2012:-. Another botanist-missionary in China, Jean-André Soulié, sent seed to the French nursery Vilmorin, and B. davidii entered commerce in the 1890s. Buddleja davidii has been classified as an invasive species in many countries in temperate regions, including the United Kingdom and New Zealand. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. However, the plant does not provide food for butterfly larvae, and buddlejas might out-compete the host plants that caterpillars require.[8][9]. PhD. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. It typically grows to 6-12’ (less frequently to 15’) tall with a spread to 4-15’ … Yes. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. It is a deciduous shrub with arching branches that can reach a height of 15 feet. Papillon is the French term for butterfly. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Buddleja_davidii&oldid=992437057, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Van Laere K (2008) Interspecific hybridisation in woody ornamentals. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii. The honey-scented lilac to purple inflorescences are terminal panicles, < 20 cm (8 inches) long. The work of botanist Carl Linnaeus led to the scientific naming system used to identify plants and animals. Peacock Butterfly Bush. Common Name: Peacock Butterfly Bush Botanical Name: Buddleia davidii Height: 4–6 ft. Buddleja americana L. Buddleja anchoensis Kuntze. Buddleja albiflora Hemsl. Outward-facing flower panicles open light lavender-purple and deepen to blue-purple with age, over minty green leaves. Butterfly bushes form dense, shrubby thickets that exclude all other plants and displace native vegetation such as willows. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The caterpillars of the Caper White Butterfly eat only plants belonging to the caper family (Capparis spp). This sprawling, semi-evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 8 to 10 feet with an equal spread, produces blossoms in fall that resemble golden butterflies. Buddleja acuminata Poir. Butterfly bushes are shrubs that have pointed clusters of small flowers at the ends of their many branches. English: orange-eye butterfly bush; summer lilac; French: buddleia de David; Local Common Names Butterfly Bushes are some of the most loved garden plants in modern gardens, and not just by gardeners, but by hummingbirds, bees and, of course, butterflies. Buddleja L. – butterflybush. ... Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. The butterfly bush is listed as a Class B Noxious Weeds in Washington, meaning it is designated for control in certain state regions. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies. – orange eye butterflybush Genus. Find out how. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family. [3], Buddleja davidii is a vigorous shrub with an arching habit, growing to 5 m (16 ft) in height. In fact, the caterpillars often occur in such large numbers on their food plants that they completely strip them of edible leaves. Scientific Name: Buddleja davidii. Flowers cluster together in groups that may be 4-10 inches long. This is a heat and sun loving bush and will thrive in hot climates. The leaves and stems are typically hairy and are often green or blue-gray above and whitish on the underside, due to the fuzzy hairs. Spread: 3–6 ft. In fact, Buddleja davidii (the scientific name for butterfly bush) has certain traits that make it invasive in most environments. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. Buddleja aromatica Rémy. These bushes get beautiful purple blooms, and have dark gray-green leaves which are large. In his 1979 revision of the taxonomy of the African and Asiatic species of Buddleja, the Dutch botanist Anthonius Leeuwenberg sank the six varieties of the species as synonyms of the type, considering them to be within the natural variation of a species, and unworthy of varietal recognition. [2], B. davidii was accorded the RHS Award of Merit (AM) in 1898, and the Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1941. Its name notwithstanding, the bush likely negatively affects native butterfly populations. [1] It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. The cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), is one of our most common and attractive Florida butterflies and is particularly prominent during its fall southward migration. However, as the distinctions of the former varieties are still widely recognized in horticulture, they are treated separately here: Buddleja davidii cultivars are much appreciated worldwide as ornamentals and for the value of their flowers as a nectar source for many species of butterfly. [11] It is naturalized in Australia[12] and in most cities of central and southern Europe, where it can spread on open lands and in gardens. Monarch butterfly feeding on a buddleja flower, Connecticut, United States, Buddleja davidii flowers with painted lady, peacock and (underneath) small tortoiseshell butterflies, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii cultivar flowers, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii flowers photographed in visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light, Buddleja davidii 'White Profusion' cultivar flowers, Li, P-T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). The PRISM system is currently down. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. The species and its cultivars are not able to survive the harsh winters of northern or montane climates, being killed by temperatures below about −15 to −20 °C (5 to −4 °F). Once established, it is difficult to remove because it re-sprouts very easily. Thesis, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Li, P. T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. They can supplant other plants as nectar sources and thus reduces their pollination. The opposite lanceolate leaves are 7–13 cm (3–5 inches) long, tomentose beneath when young. Its scientific name is also sometimes incorrectly spelt Buddleia. The almost honey-mead like fragrant, nectar rich flowers of the Butterfly Bush or Buddleia are produced from spring or early summer, flowering starts later the colder the climate, until the first frosts of autumn. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family Genus: Buddleja L. – butterflybush Species: Buddleja davidii Franch. Butterfly Bush Uses. Buddleia davidii Franchet; Buddleja variabilis Hemsley, 1889; International Common Names. US Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, King County - Butterfly identification and control, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Tim Miller, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. However the Garden Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), was introduced into Britain in the 1890s from China, where it grows wild. 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