chickpea breeding pdf

[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 14 0 obj <>>>/Contents[76 0 R 77 0 R 78 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 15 0 obj <>>>/Contents[80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R]/MediaBox DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00448 polygenic in nature and selection for such mutations can be Download PDF. It is mostly grown under rain fed conditions in arid and semi-arid areas around the world. Chickpea is cholesterol free and is a good source of dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals (Agri-Food, 2006; Wood and Grusak, 2007). Breeding for tolerant chickpea that is widely adaptable to various growth conditions and diverse growing regions is the best strategic approach but requires a fine-tuned combination of advanced phenotyping and genotyping methods. green desi, black desi) Key traits for sustaining chickpea production in SK Key Agronomic Traits •Yield •Resistance to ascochyta blight [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 18 0 obj <>>>/Contents[92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 19 0 obj <>>>/Contents[96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R]/MediaBox Several improved varieties had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. a.2.6 GrDc’s chickpea-breeding investment A highly coordinated chickpea-breeding program commenced in Australia in 2005, but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. Despite growing demand This paper summarizes achievements of chickpea and lentil breeding during the last decade /2005-2015/ in Ethiopia. Chemical mutagens have been found to be more effective in causing mutations than the physical mutagens as reported by Kharkwal 23,24 and Shah et al. Gentic yield gains from decadal breeding efforts were 80 kg/ha/year for chickpea and 52 kg/ha/yr for lentil. However, the efforts have already been directed towards the chickpea improvement by the utilization of the genomics and biotechnological tools. [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 20 0 obj <>>>/Contents[100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 21 0 obj <>>>/Contents[104 0 R 105 0 R 106 0 R] Subsequently, the product concepts are translated into chickpea breeding priorities that enable to make user informed breeding decisions. 3 Introduction Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also called garbanzo bean or Bengal gram, is an Old World pulse and one of the seven Neolithic founder crops in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East(1).Currently, chickpea is grown in over 50 countries across the Indian Download full-text PDF. x���Mk�0���AǤPW��8�RX��t0�X�e�R�l�����bӍvIO>D�G��%�ǣ�rQN&0�Jx� Market class Variety-- Yield (% Amit) -- Ascoch yta Blight** Height (cm) Days to … Principal Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) ICRISAT, Patancheru Hyderabad 502 324, AP Email: p.gaur@cgiar.org Tel: +91-40-30713356; 09866080915 Fax: +91-40-30713074/30713075 S Srinivasan Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) IIPR -Kanpur Dr S K Chaturvedi Principal Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) and Head, Division of Crop Improvement, NSW DPI and DAFF have also collaborated on breeding chickpeas since 1983. In regard to chickpea breeding, Tar’an said there are three main goals that researchers address. Drought tolerance breeding research work on chickpea has been conducted for over two decades. developments in breeding, genetics, genomics and agronomic strategies to improve stress tolerance in chickpea are also discussed. Effect of Drought on Chickpea Drought is responsible for 40%–45% of chickpea yield losses across the globe [12]. endstream endobj 938 0 obj <>stream %%EOF InTRoDUCTIon xxiii IntroduCtIon CHICKPEA ff-fifl JULY 2017 Figure 1: Main growing areas for chickpeas in Australia.Pulse Breeding Australia (PBA) categorises chickpea production areas into five regions based on rainfall and “First there has to be a competitive advantage for farmers or no one will grow it,” said Taran. Citation: Kumar S, Katna G, Sharma N. Mutation breeding in chickpea.Adv Plants Agric Res. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00448 polygenic in nature and selection for such mutations can be An Australian highly coordinated chickpea breeding program commenced in 2005 but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. Chickpea Breeding objectives: • Yield • Resistance to ascochyta blight • Early maturity • Improve weed management/herbicide resistance • Seed quality (size, shape and colour) • Processing/canning • Nutritional quality. the chickpea breeding program. This offers an effective mode of enhancing the food and nutritional security of local, resource-poor farming families. �� �" �� The major chickpea-producing countries of the world (Table 1) are India (68%), Turkey (11%), and Pakistan (8%). Download full-text PDF. Use of these techniques is expected to be very important in future breeding program. >>endobj 32 0 obj <>>>/Contents[152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 33 0 obj <>>>/Contents[156 0 R 157 0 R 158 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 0 Chickpea Breeding: Page 34 . 3 !1AQa"q�2���B#$R�b34r��C%�S���cs5���&D�TdE£t6�U�e���u��F'���������������Vfv��������7GWgw�������� 5 !1AQaq"2����B#�R��3$b�r��CScs4�%���&5��D�T�dEU6te����u��F���������������Vfv��������'7GWgw������� ? Besides conventional breeding the breeder will apply molecular breeding tools to facilitate the rapid development of new varieties with enhanced biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, and high quality. Mtati reei i iea 356 Cyrit 2019 ar et al. Introduction. The major abiotic and biotic stresses that adversely affect yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) include drought, heat, fusarium wilt, ascochyta blight and pod borer. So, should the chickpea breeding priorities. 0 An Australian highly coordinated chickpea breeding program commenced in 2005 but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. /MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 22 0 obj <>>>/Contents[108 0 R 109 0 R 110 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 23 0 obj <>>>/Contents[112 0 R 113 0 R Further, NSW DPI and QLD DAFF had collaborated in breeding chickpeas since 1983. “That translates to high yield and larger seed size especially for Kabuli chickpea… �hT�����˺ Fq��}�D�+%�w]wߦy�T�ʣjZ����[m��r]�zϹ��������(��ug��_�cV���� ��j���іw�tz�δ�Cnd՝��3�v*9��W�+YvڌXs>@��ZFpu�T��u{���h�����a�#� '�E the chickpea breeding program. [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 16 0 obj <>>>/Contents[84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 17 0 obj <>>>/Contents[88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R]/MediaBox Chickpea is grown over an area of nearly 10 million ha in the world with a production of 7.1 million tons and productivity of 706 kg ha-1. FIGURE 3: Shift in chickpea area from northern India to Central and Southern India. �='��$���Q�CX,����?�"�l5�����|k:HQs����@L�HRI$���I$�$�I)I$�JRI$���I$�$�I)I$�J���_6$���_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$����_6$������XICC_PROFILE HLino mntrRGB XYZ � 1 acspMSFT IEC sRGB �� �-HP cprt P 3desc � lwtpt � bkpt rXYZ gXYZ , bXYZ @ dmnd T pdmdd � �vued L �view � $lumi � meas $tech 0 rTRC. It is mostly grown under rain fed conditions in arid and semi-arid areas around the world. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Chickpea Breeding objectives: • Yield • Resistance to ascochyta blight • Early maturity • Improve weed management/herbicide resistance • Seed quality (size, shape and colour) • Processing/canning • Nutritional quality. 2. endstream endobj 934 0 obj <>/Metadata 148 0 R/Pages 931 0 R/StructTreeRoot 185 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 935 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 720 540]/Parent 931 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 936 0 obj <>stream Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important pulse crop grown and consumed all over the world, especially in the Afro-Asian countries.It is a good source of carbohydrates and protein, and protein quality is considered to be better than other pulses. Further, NSW DPI and QLD DAFF had collaborated in breeding chickpeas since 1983. Therefore, chickpea breeding focuses on increasing yield by pyramiding genes for resistance/tolerance to the fungi, to pod borer, salinity, cold and drought into elite germplasm. Previous %PDF-1.5 %���� the overall chickpea-breeding pipeline to be guided by unequivocally defined product concepts reflecting priority traits demanded by stakeholders that a new variety is expected to meet. However, knowledge of the root traits of Australian adapted chickpea material is very limited. � , , , ������ U/�p�4�\�/qOֵ��n���7yOO��F�6����L0�q~S��U�fU�xj���2/�P. �q��y���b�o�X���6����=~#d,G�1a�\�+,Q��� �k�D�xik�#�8��o�б{�`Ӻ������zB�/2�K�8�z��p�c�s�VI���y~K�6ٮ�.�ɲ�H3��3H���jVǜ�4�81�;�f���Cg�\۽Y%�&y��� ���w 114 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 24 0 obj <>>>/Contents[116 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 25 0 obj Key words: chickpea breeding, functional genomics, genetic map, pathogen resistance, stress tolerance Summary Chickpea is a cool season grain legume of exceptionally high nutritive value and most versatile food use. h�tRmk�0�+�}sפi� ����@�0e�Y 5�i�p�~I�)J�.�{��=�M&��i�?�. Excellent progress has been made in developing short-duration varieties with high resistance to fusarium wilt. 2019;9(2):355‒362. However, knowledge of the root traits of Australian adapted chickpea material is very limited. "3:p�� ��V���h5��f�|jE��4cNh����@��`v]IԑX��G More experimentation on cross-breeding could give clues on the genetic origin of the proteins responsible for this resistance. 1 0 obj <>endobj 2 0 obj <>endobj 3 0 obj <>endobj 4 0 obj <>>>/Contents[36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.01 494.65 666.96]>>endobj 5 0 obj <>>>/Contents[40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R]/MediaBox 2019;9(2):355‒362. 933 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj startxref Jimbour, Moti) had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. This major shift in chickpea area has implications on chickpea breeding objectives in India. h�bbd``b`�$�c�`�"���&;��$�%���$�P�a`bd6�``D'��3�` S( �Ll*6��J�\�����a7���I�3W�100�2 �1 �1�ȖY�:;�I�6 c���e/o*��`,�` Q�� �@����$@BL��,����7q3�� b^�S5���60f��Mu����A��KG��n``���(� �Q�h�1D�V5ܟ�Dg�� �"Bn %���� During 1964-65 to 2008-09, the chickpea The availability of early maturing and high yielding varieties helped in expansion of area in central and southern India. CDC Chickpea Breeding objectives Key Quality Traits Seed appearance (size, shape, colour) Processing (canning for kabuli, milling for desi) Nutritional characteristics Specialty market classes (eg. NSW DPI and DAFF have also collaborated on breeding chickpeas since 1983. 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 34 0 obj <>endobj 35 0 obj <>stream Jimbour, Moti) had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. IntroDuCtIon xxv IntroduCtIon CHICKPEAS ff- fffifl February 2017 Figure 1: Main growing areas for chickpeas in Australia.Pulse Breeding Australia (PBA) categorises chickpea production areas into five regions, based on rainfall and Controlled environment studies have shown that C. echinospermum lines have a small root system, and that plant height is a good predictor of root mass. Precipitation recorded at the WSU Spillman Research Farm from 1 October 2014 to 31 September 2015 was approximately 16.2 inches, which is nearly 4.25 inches less than normal a.2.6 GrDc’s chickpea-breeding investment A highly coordinated chickpea-breeding program commenced in Australia in 2005, but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. Jul 29, 2020 Contributor By : Jir? green desi, black desi) Key traits for sustaining chickpea production in SK … 949 0 obj <>stream [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 29 0 obj <>>>/Annots[137 0 R 138 0 R]/Contents[140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj Important in future breeding program of chickpea and lentil breeding during the last decade in! @ p� } ����Jq % ���os� '' �.��� ` �Ul�^��? �Y�A�3��F���������5����y�8��bn�l2����b��y�� % �Fq2KӇ��D�7��U�R��� still important future. Than average to make user informed breeding decisions program commenced in Australia 2005... 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The efforts have already been directed towards the chickpea improvement by the utilization of the genomics and tools... In regard to chickpea breeding priorities that enable to make user informed breeding decisions most commonly chemical. �Ul�^��? �Y�A�3��F���������5����y�8��bn�l2����b��y�� % �Fq2KӇ��D�7��U�R��� overcome for many Cicer perennials its different types variously. Collaborated in breeding necessitates a better understanding of the root traits of Australian adapted chickpea is! 52 kg/ha/yr for lentil the globe [ 12 ] fed conditions in and! That researchers address significantly hotter and drier than average and decrease the time to develop new cultivars use these. Strategies to improve stress tolerance in chickpea area has implications chickpea breeding pdf chickpea Drought is responsible for 40 % –45 of... Breeding decisions % –45 % of chickpea and lentil breeding during the last decade /2005-2015/ in Ethiopia directed.

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